What Are Bed bugs?
Bed bugs are best described as tiny, six-legged mostly nocturnal bugs that primarily feed only on blood. Usually they feed on the blood of humans or warm-blooded animals. The most common bed bug, (known as Cimex lectularius), is the breed of bed bug most commonly encountered and adapted to living with humans. Adult / full grown bed bugs are mahogany / brown to red in color and oval in shape. At the start or onset of a bed bug infestation, bed bugs are normally found only mattresses, or bed covers. If the area is heavily infested, bed bugs can be found in many holes or crevices like headboard, night tables / night stands, or even in the bedsteads.
The typical life cycle / growth stages of a bed bug are: Egg, Nymph, and Adult. The female bed bug can typically lay around 400-500 eggs (up to 5 per day), in holes and crevices in a floor or bed. Freshly hatched bed bugs begin feeding immediately upon birth. They can shed their skin up to five times before becoming adults. Under typical conditions and with an adequate food supply, bed bugs will typically have a life span up to 316 days.
What To Look For
Since bed bugs are so small, bed bugs can actually be difficult to see with the naked eye. As they grow and are mature, they can grow to the size of small fruit or apple seed. To see if you may have been infested by bed bugs, look for signs like:
- Bed bugs on your bed sheets
- Small red stains, specks, or splotches
- Fecal matter, shell casings or suspicious looking particles
One of the most common symptoms of a bed bug infestation are suspicious bites on a person who has slept in an infested bed. These bites appear in groups or clusters of three and are commonly located on the sleepers arms, legs, or other appendages. These bite patterns are a reaction of fear from bed bugs. If a bed bug is in fear of being caught, they will hastily move to a different part of your body to feed.
Quick Bed bug Facts
- Bed bug Size: 1/4 to 3/8 inch (4-5 mm)
- Bed bug Color: Reddish Brown or Brown
If the area is heavily infested, bed bugs can be found in many holes or crevices like headboard, night tables / night stands, or even in the bedsteads.
Their typical meal time is at night, but if they are really hungry, they feed during the day if the light is dim enough.
In commercial or multi-home establishments, bed bugs can spread from one unit to another using anything from pipes, or wires as a source of travel.
Bed bug Informational Video
How Can We Help?
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